YasSarNal QuR'aN

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Medical References at the Shadows of Surah al Kahf

‘The Medical Miracles of the Qur’an’ is a resourceful book authored by Dr. Sharif Kaf al Ghazal, and published by The Islamic Foundation, Leicester.

I am sharing a beautiful description about sleep, hearing and related points. The author discusses about the medical aspects from the story of the Ashaab al Kahf, the Sleepers of the Cave, from the amazing Surah al Kahf.  

Read, enjoy and glorify Allah for revealing the glorious Qur’an for the welfare of mankind. 

The Qur’anic chapter 18, “The Cave” (Al Kahf) was revealed to answer few questions which the mushriks (unbelievers) of Makkah, had put to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) in order to test him. One of the questions was: “Who were the Sleepers of the Cave?”

The disbelievers of Makkah were told that the story of the Sleepers of the Cave was a clear proof of the creed of the Hereafter, as it shows that Allah has the power to resurrect anyone He wills even after a long sleep of death as He did with the Sleepers of the Cave (they slept over 300 years)

Allah, the Almighty, says in this chapter:

فَضَرَبْنَا عَلَىٰ آذَانِهِمْ فِي الْكَهْفِ سِنِينَ عَدَدًا

“Then We smote their ears in the Cave many years.” (18 : 11)

The sense of hearing is a physiological one that does not stop functioning at the time of sleep (the sleeper can wake up at a nearby sound) As the 8th cranial nerve (which passes in the inner part of the ear) has two divisions: one for hearing and the other for equilibrium (position and movement of the head).

In the case of Cave Sleepers the physiological function of both hearing and equilibrium did stop, therefore, the Qur’anic verse uses the expression “Smote their ears..” rather than their hearing.

The other bodily functions were veiled, and the eye did not see though open:

وَتَحْسَبُهُمْ أَيْقَاظًا وَهُمْ رُقُودٌ

“You would have thought them awake, as they lay sleeping” (18: 18)

And their muscles did not move, although they were alive:

نُقَلِّبُهُمْ ذَاتَ الْيَمِينِ وَذَاتَ الشِّمَالِ

“While We turned them now to the right, now to the left” (18:18)

Their shape did not change although many years elapsed as they did not notice real changes on their faces when they woke up:

قَالُوا لَبِثْنَا يَوْمًا أَوْ بَعْضَ يَوْمٍ

They said: “We have tarried a day, or part of a day ” (18:19)

Their conditions as such are like that of preserving organs through cooling to cause metabolic inhibition, which is used extensively in the medical field to preserve donated organs (heart, kidneys, cornea, etc) before transplantation into another body. Therefore, the sun inclines towards the right when rising up and towards the left when setting down, so that it will not strike them, while they are in a gap in the cave:

وَتَرَى الشَّمْسَ إِذَا طَلَعَت تَّزَاوَرُ عَن كَهْفِهِمْ ذَاتَ الْيَمِينِ وَإِذَا غَرَبَت تَّقْرِضُهُمْ ذَاتَ الشِّمَالِ وَهُمْ فِي فَجْوَةٍ مِّنْهُ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّـهِ

“And you would have seen the sun, when it rose, inclining from their Cave towards the right, and when it set, passing them by on the left, While they are in a gap therein, Such are among the Signs of Allah” (18:17)

So coolness in this gap in the Cave, away from the heat of the sun that did not touch them, was sufficient to inhibit bodily metabolism for the preservation of their bodies all this long period. Had they been only asleep, they would have needed water and food to survive, and would have been awaken by the need to urinate after some hours. But Allah inhibited all their biological functions and preserved their bodies in a living shape. So, He said:

وَتَحْسَبُهُمْ أَيْقَاظًا وَهُمْ رُقُودٌ

“You would have thought them awake, as they lay sleeping”. (18: 18)

and did not say, “You would have thought them dead, as they lay sleeping”, as the sign of awakening is ‘eye wink’.

Allah preserved their eyes from blindness through blinking, as the eye if kept closed for a long period of time will be blind, because the optic nerve will shrink and die, and if it is kept open, the cornea will be affected with corneo-xerosis, and blindness.

Therefore, this rare status of theirs would have aroused terror, if seen, as they were not alive or dead. They were asleep, yet their eyes were blinking:

لَوِ اطَّلَعْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ لَوَلَّيْتَ مِنْهُمْ فِرَارًا وَلَمُلِئْتَ مِنْهُمْ رُعْبًا

“Had you observed them surely you would have turned your back on them in flight, and been filled with terror of them.” (18:18)

As Allah preserved their eyes through blinking, He also preserved their bodies from ulcers through constant turning…

وَنُقَلِّبُهُمْ ذَاتَ الْيَمِينِ وَذَاتَ الشِّمَالِ

“While We turned them now to the right, now to the left” (18:18)

…so that they would not be affected with pressure sores.

Subhanallaah! Wal-hamdulillaah!

Wa La Hawla Wa La Quwwat illa-billaah.

LESSON: Just as Allah woke the Ashaab al Kahf up from their sleep of over 300 years, Allah can easily give life to the dead on the Day of Resurrection.

May Allah save us from the shame and agony of Aakhirah.

 Sal-lal-laahu Ala Muhammad, Sal-lal-laahu-alaihi-wa-Sallam.

dua-at-gathering

Source: Medical Miracles/hearing

Related Readings: Friday and Surah al Kahf

Click the image below if you want to buy the book from Darussalam, InshaaAllah.

Medical Miracles of the Quran

March 10, 2016 - Posted by | Qur'an and Science, Qur'an's Miracles, Surah al Kahf | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

18 Comments »

  1. good explanation shukran

    Comment by Ali Khalifah | March 11, 2016 | Reply

    • Jazakallaahu Khayra

      Comment by MuQeet | March 11, 2016 | Reply

  2. […] Source: Medical References at the Shadows of Surah al Kahf […]

    Pingback by Medical References at the Shadows of Surah al Kahf – MyLife MyLegacy | March 11, 2016 | Reply

    • Jazakallaah khayr for sharing the khayr.

      Comment by MuQeet | March 12, 2016 | Reply

  3. This was really informative.. jazakAllah khair

    Comment by Reem | March 11, 2016 | Reply

    • Baarakallaahu Feek

      Comment by MuQeet | March 11, 2016 | Reply

  4. سبحان الله …..جزاكم الله خيرا..

    Comment by umm | March 11, 2016 | Reply

    • Baarakallaahu Feek.

      Comment by MuQeet | March 11, 2016 | Reply

  5. SubhanAllah
    Jazak Allah khayr

    Comment by Happy Land | March 11, 2016 | Reply

    • Baarakallaahu lana wa lakum

      Comment by MuQeet | March 11, 2016 | Reply

  6. […] Read, enjoy and glorify Allah for revealing the glorious Qur’an for the welfare of mankind. Continue reading → […]

    Pingback by Medical References at the Shadows of Surah al Kahf | |-| Islamic Studies |-| | March 11, 2016 | Reply

  7. Jazak’Allah khair bhai for writing this up for us

    Comment by Ayesha | March 11, 2016 | Reply

    • Baarakallaahu Feek, sister.
      I didnt write this, just shared it. alhamdulillaah.

      Comment by MuQeet | March 11, 2016 | Reply

  8. May Allah reward the learned author for this beautiful analysis.
    May Allah reward you too brother for sharing this with us all.
    Jazamulllahu khayra.

    Comment by Hassan Ali | March 11, 2016 | Reply

    • Baarakallahu Feekum.

      Comment by MuQeet | March 11, 2016 | Reply

  9. Jazak Allah khair

    Comment by Parveen | March 12, 2016 | Reply

    • wa feeki Jazakallaah khair.

      Comment by MuQeet | March 12, 2016 | Reply

  10. […] Related Read: Medical References at the Miraculous Sleep by the Ashaab-al-Kahf […]

    Pingback by Some Facts About Sleep « YasSarNal QuR'aN | March 26, 2016 | Reply


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