Tayyib Vs khabīth in the Qur’an
Tayyib is that which is “Good, Clean, Pure, Wholesome, Pleasant, Blessed, Chaste, and Pious”.
Khabīth is that which is “Bad, Evil, Wicked, Impure, Corrupt. Vicious, Obscene, Sinful”.
Tayyib is Singular, Masculine, and its plural form is Tayyibuun.
Tayyiba is used for Singular, Feminine, and its plural is Tayyibaat.
khabīth (Singular, Masculine) khabīthuun (Plural, Masculine)
khabītha (Singular, Feminine) khabīthaat (Plural, Feminine)
The triliteral root ṭā yā bā (ط ي ب) occurs 50 times in the Quran, in five derived forms:
three times as the form I verb ṭāba (طَابَ)
16 times as the nominal ṭayyib (طَيِّب)
21 times as the noun ṭayyibāt (طَيِّبَٰت)
nine times as the adjective ṭayyibat (طَيِّبَة)
once as the verbal noun ṭūbā (طُوبَىٰ)
The triliteral root khā bā thā (خ ب ث) occurs 16 times in the Quran, in four derived forms:
once as the form I verb khabutha (خَبُثَ)
nine times as the noun khabīth (خَبِيث)
twice as the noun khabīthāt (خَبِيثَٰت)
four times as the noun khabīthat (خَبِيثَة)
Tayyib and khabīth are opposites to each other. Examples from the glorious Qur’an abound.
1. Good and evil cannot be the same. Tayyib is Tayyib, and khabīth is khabīth:
“Say, “Not equal are the evil and the good, although the abundance of evil might impress you.” So fear Allah, O you of understanding, that you may be successful.” (Surah al Maaida 5: 100)
2. Goodly word Vs Evil word:
“Have you not considered how Allah presents an example, [making] a good word like a good tree, whose root is firmly fixed and its branches [high] in the sky?” (Surah Ibraheem 14: 24)
“And the example of a bad word is like a bad tree, uprooted from the surface of the earth, not having any stability.” (Surah Ibraheem 14: 26)
3. Good/Fertile Land Vs Bad/Barren Land:
“And the good land – its vegetation emerges by permission of its Lord; but that which is bad – nothing emerges except sparsely, with difficulty. Thus do We diversify the signs for a people who are grateful.” (Surah al A’raaf 7: 58)
4. Spend from that which is good, not from that which is defective:
“O you who have believed, spend from the good things which you have earned and from that which We have produced for you from the earth. And do not aim toward the defective therefrom, spending [from that] while you would not take it [yourself] except with closed eyes. And know that Allah is Free of need and Praiseworthy.” (Surah al Baqarah 2: 267)
5. That which is Halaal is pure and good, and that which is Haraam is impure evil and bad:
“Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So they who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him – it is those who will be the successful.” (Surah al A’raaf 7: 157)
6. Separating wheat from chaff: Allah wants to distinguish the wicked from the good:
“[This is] so that Allah may distinguish the wicked from the good and place the wicked some of them upon others and heap them all together and put them into Hell. It is those who are the losers.” (Surah Al Anfaal 8: 37)
“Allah would not leave the believers in that [state] you are in [presently] until He separates the evil from the good. Nor would Allah reveal to you the unseen. But [instead], Allah chooses of His messengers whom He wills, so believe in Allah and His messengers. And if you believe and fear Him, then for you is a great reward.” (Surah Aal Imran 3: 179)
7. Parents desire for good children, not evil ones:
At that, Zechariah called upon his Lord, saying, “My Lord, grant me from Yourself a good offspring. Indeed, You are the Hearer of supplication.” (Surah Aal Imran 3: 38)
8. You are what you speak!
“Evil words are for evil men, and evil men are [subjected] to evil words. And good words are for good men, and good men are [an object] of good words. Those [good people] are declared innocent of what the slanderers say. For them is forgiveness and noble provision.” (Surah An-Noor 24: 26) (Also read Tafsir ibn Kathir for the second meaning of the above ayah)
9. Belief and Good deeds in the world will bring amazing reward in the Hereafter:
“Those who have believed and done righteous deeds – a good state is theirs and a good return.” (Surah Ar-Ra’d 13: 29)
“He will forgive for you your sins and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence. That is the great attainment.” (Surah As-Saff 61: 12)
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Sal-lal-laahu ‘ala Muhammad, sal-lal-laahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.