Matters concerning Rizq and spending in the way of Allah
Alhamdulillah, this is the Eighth post in the series Yaaa Ayyuhal Lazeena Aamanu.
Today’s ayah is Ayah No. 254 which is also from Surah al Baqarah.
In this ayah, Allah Subhanahu Wa Ta’aala not only motivates His Believers to “Spend of what We have provided for you” but also warns them of dire consequences if they refuse to act.
Infaaq fee Sabeelillah, that is “spending in the way of Allah” is an important concept in Islam. It is the proof of a Muslim’s goodness.
“O you who have believed, spend from that which We have provided for you before there comes a Day in which there is no exchange and no friendship and no intercession. And the disbelievers – they are the wrongdoers.” (Surah al Baqarah 2: 254)
Some points to learn, remember and practice Inshaa’Allah:
1. The word “Rizq” is comprehensive in meaning. It means “provision, livelihood, earnings, means of living, subsistence, income, wealth, bounty of Allah.
2. Allah is the one who provides for the human family and all other creations. His mercy is everywhere and for everyone in the world. People usually think that the source of their sustenance (rizq) is their parents, bosses or employers. The fact of the matter is that Allah is the Ultimate Provider of Rizq to all of His creations.
* Allah is Ar-Razzaaq, the Supreme Provider. He is Al Wah’haab, the Giver. He is Al Mu’ti and Ar Raaziq.
In simple words: Allah is the only owner of provision and He is the Provider, forever.
“Indeed, it is Allah who is the [continual] Provider, the firm Possessor of strength.” (Surah Adh-Dhariyaat 51: 58)
* Allah is the Best of Providers. وَاللَّهُ خَيْرُ الرَّازِقِينَ – Surah al Jumu’ah 62: 11
* Everyone’s sustenance depends on Allah.
“And there is no creature on earth but that upon Allah is its provision, and He knows its place of dwelling and place of storage. All is in a clear register.” (Surah Huud 11: 6)
3. As everything comes from Allah and is provided by Him, we Muslims are asked to spend from that which He has provided us. By doing so we are sharing Allah-given providence with people, and in no case will we be doing any favour unto our Lord Almighty.
4. A Muslim cannot attain righteousness and piety until one spends from that which he loves. This is a difficult test for Muslims. Normally it is hard to share things one love. Read ayah no. 92 of Chapter 3, Surah Aal Imraan
5. Muslims are commanded to be quick and rush to perform the deed of spending for His sake, in the path of righteousness, from what He has granted them, before the coming of the Day of Resurrection in which “there will be no exchange and no friendship and no intercession”.
On that Day, no one will be able to bargain on behalf of himself or ransom himself with any amount, even if it was the earth’s fill of gold; nor will his friendship or relation to anyone benefit him. As Allah said in Surah al Mumi’noon: “So when the Trumpet is blown, no relationship will there be among them that Day, nor will they ask about one another”. (23: 101)
Let us not delay in doing the good deed of spending in the way of Allah lest death strike us to finish off everything!
6. There is great significance in Allah talking about al Kafiroon, the disbelievers, in an ayah addressed to believers: And the disbelievers – they are the wrongdoers.
The meaning is clear: If someone denies to spend out of what Allah has given him, he becomes of the wrongdoers.
Recall this Ayah: “And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the disbelievers”.
And this ayah: And whoever does not judge by what Allah has revealed – then it is those who are the wrongdoers
Of course a Muslim will not become a Kafir in the since a Kafir is known for the reason of not believing in Allah and denying His signs but then a Muslim will be guilty of denying should he refuse to fulfill the command of Allah as for as spending in His cause is concerned.
7. We must understand and appreciate that Allah gives back whatever we spend as sadaqah sooner or later. He says:
“Say, “Indeed, my Lord extends provision for whom He wills of His servants and restricts [it] for him. But whatever thing you spend [in His cause] – He will compensate it; and He is the best of providers.” (Surah Saba 34: 39)
Our Nabi Kareem sal-lal-laahu-alahi-wa-sallam said:
“There is never a day wherein servants (of Allah) get up at morn, but are not visited by two angels. One of them says: O Allah, give him more who spends (for the sake of Allah), and the other says: O Allah, bring destruction to one who withholds” (Reported by Abu Hurayrah radhiyallahu anhu) Read the Arabic Text here
In one Hadeeth Qudsi, Allah says, “Spend (on charity), O son of Adam, and I shall spend on you.” (Find Forty Hadeeth Qudsi here)
8. Allah mentions an eloquent example to underline and underscore the value of spending in His cause:
“The example of those who spend their wealth in the way of Allah is like a seed [of grain] which grows seven spikes; in each spike is a hundred grains. And Allah multiplies [His reward] for whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.” (Surah al Baqarah 2: 261)
Subhaanallaah! There can’t be any other way to motivate people to perform charitable deeds!
9. Everyone should spend according to his or her capacity. A poor Muslim should spend as little as he or she can afford, while a wealthy Muslim should spend more. Allah commands:
“Let a man of wealth spend from his wealth, and he whose provision is restricted – let him spend from what Allah has given him. Allah does not charge a soul except [according to] what He has given it. Allah will bring about, after hardship, ease.” (Surah At-Talaaq 65: 7)
10. Allah likes moderate spending. Islam encourages Muslims to follow the middle path between two extremes regarding spending: extravagance and miserliness:
“And those who, when they spend, do so not excessively or sparingly but are ever, between that, [justly] moderate” (Surah al Furqaan 25: 67)
11. As spending in public carries the possibility of showing off (riyaa), spending in secret is always better and preferable.
Allah says about the qualities of true Believers that they get up in night, sacrificing their sleep in His cause, doing Zikr, making du’aa and spending in His way:
“They arise from [their] beds; they supplicate their Lord in fear and aspiration, and from what We have provided them, they spend.” (Surah as-Sajdah 32: 16)
And the reward for doing such an amazing act of worship is announced immediately in the very next ayah:
“And no soul knows what has been hidden for them of comfort for eyes as reward for what they used to do”. (Surah as-Sajdah 32: 17)
However if spending in public is going to encourage others to do the same and also if there is no risk of riyaa, then spending in public would be a good thing to do.
It is worth mentioning that Abu Bakr and Umar ibn al Khattab (radhiyallahu anhuma) used to compete each other in spending in the way of Allah. And Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu) always used to outdo Umar (radhiyaahu anhu), a fact gracefully acknowledged by the latter.
12. Leading a life of righteousness is a sure way to increase one’s wealth. The best way to obtain Allah’s favours is by obeying Him.
وَمَنْ يَتَّقِ اللَّـهَ يَجْعَلْ لَهُ مَخْرَجًا ﴿٢﴾ وَيَرْزُقْهُ مِنْ حَيْثُ لَا يَحْتَسِبُ ۚوَمَنْ يَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى اللَّـهِ فَهُوَ حَسْبُهُ
“And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out. And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him.” (Surah at-Talaaq 65: 2,3)
13. The command “spend from that which We have provided for you” can also mean spending of other things in addition to spending money in the cause of Allah.
If Allah has provided you leisure time, spend it in some good cause. If Allah has given you knowledge, share it with others. If Allah has given you authority, use it for the purpose of establishing Islam on earth. If Allah has made you a medical doctor, provide free medical care to the less unfortunate and deprived sections of the society. If Allah has given you talents, use it for furthering the cause of Islam. And also, if Allah has given you wealth, spend it to help the poor, feed the hungry etc.
Whatever it is, do it before it gets too late. And people get ready to wash your body and bury you in the grave!
May Allah guide us unto the Straight Path and take our soul in the state of submission. Aameen.
Jazakallahu Khayra for reading this post. Vassalam.
Take time to read this, Inshaa’Allah: Bestowing and Withholding: The Prerogative of Allah alone!