The Great Fives in Islam!
They say “Good things come in small packages”. As far as Islam is concerned “Best, Good and Great things come in small packages”.
Presenting a collection of the authentic ahadeeth/references that highlight the significant and superb teachings of Islam.
Disclaimer: I have collected Fifteen Fives from an ocean of Islamic teachings with the intention of inspiring myself and my dear readers so that ‘These Fives become our Faves”. I do not, however, attach any holiness to Number Five. Wallahu ‘Alam.
1. Five Pillars of Islam:
Ibn ‘Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah ( صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) said:
“Islam is based on five (principles):
1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
2. To offer Salah (five daily prayers) dutifully and perfectly.
3. To pay Zakah (i.e. obligatory charity)
4. To perform Hajj (i.e. Pilgrimage to Makkah)
5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan”. Refer Sahih al Bukhari and Sahih Muslim
2. The daily, obligatory Five-Time Prayers:
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah صلّى الله عليه وسلّم said:
“Five prayers and one Friday prayer to (the next) Friday prayer are expiation (for the sins committed in the intervals) between them.” Sahih Muslim
Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sal-lal-laahu-alaihi-wa-sallam) saying:
“Say, if there were a river at the door of one of you in which he takes a bath five times a day, would there be any dirt left on him?” They replied, “No dirt would be left on him.” He (sal-lal-laahu-alihi-wa-sallam) said, ” That is the five (obligatory) Salah (prayers). Allah obliterates all sins as a result of performing them.” Read Hadeeth No. 1042 and 1043
Names of the Five Prayers are 1. Fajr 2. Zuhr 3. ‘Asr 4. Maghrib and 5. Ishaa
Refer hadeeth No. 1208 which establishes the fact it is obligatory to perform and establish Five-Time prayers daily. The observance of Five Daily Salah is enjoined upon Muslims!
3. Take Advantage of Five Things Before Five:
Prophet Muhammad صلّى الله عليه وسلّم said:
“Take advantage of Five things before the other five:
1. Youth before Old age
2. Health before Illnes
3. Prosperity before Adversity
4. Leisure before you really get busy
5. Life before Death”
4. Five Natural Ways Leading to Health and Hygiene:
Narrated by Abu Hurairah (may Allaah be pleased with him): I heard the Prophet صلّى الله عليه وسلّم saying :
“Five practices are characteristics of the Fitrah:
2. Shaving the pubic hair
3. Cutting the moustaches short
4. Clipping the nails
5. and removing the hair of the armpits.” Sahih al Bukhari
5. Five Mutual Rights of Muslims:
“Every Muslim has five rights over another Muslim (i.e., he has to perform five duties for another Muslim):
1. To return the greetings
2. To visit the sick
3. To accompany funeral processions
4. To accept an invitation
5. To respond to the sneezer (i.e., to say: Yarhamuk-Allah (may Allah bestow His Mercy on you), when the sneezer praises Allah).” Bukhari and Muslim in Riyadhus Saliheen
6. Five Keys to the Unseen:
“Keys of the unseen knowledge are five which nobody but Allah knows:
1. Nobody (but Allah) knows what will happen tomorrow
2. Nobody (but Allah) knows what is in the womb
3. Nobody (but Allah) knows what he will gain tomorrow
4. Nobody (but Allah) knows at what place he will die
5. And nobody (but Allah) knows when it will rain.”
Narrated by Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah صلّى الله عليه وسلّم said:
“The key of the Unseen are five: Verily with Allah (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour; He sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. No soul knows what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul knows in what land it will die. Verily, Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware.” (31.34) Refer this and this
7. Five Names of Prophet Muhammad صلّى الله عليه وسلّم
Narrated by Jubair bin Mutim that the Messenger of Allah صلّى الله عليه وسلّم said:
“I have five names:
1. I am Muhammad, and
3. I am Al-Maahi through whom Allah will eliminate infidelity (ie. Kufr)
4. I am Al-Haashir who will be the first to be resurrected, the people being resurrected there after, and
5. I am also Al-`Aaqib (i.e. There will be no prophet after me) Sahih al Bukhari and also in Sahih Muslim
8. Five Deeds That Guarantee Jannah:
“Abu al-Darda’ (may Allaah be pleased with him) reported the Messenger of Allah (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم) as saying:
There are five things, if anyone observes them with faith, he will enter Paradise:
1. He who prays the five times prayer regularly, with the ablution for them, with their bowing, with their prostration and their (right) times
2. Keeps fast during Ramadan
3. Performs Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (Ka’bah) provided he has the ability for its passage
4. Pays Zakah happily
5. And fulfills the trust (he will enter Paradise). People said: Abu al-Darda’, what is fulfilling the trust ? He replied: Washing because of sexual defilement.” Abu Dawuud
9. Five Questions in Aakhirah:
Narrated by Ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allah صلّى الله عليه وسلّم said:
“The son of Adam will not be move from his place before his Lord on the Day of Resurrection until he has been questioned about five things:
1. His life and how he spent it
2. His youth and how he used it
3. His wealth and how he earned it
4. (His wealth) and how he disposed of it
5. And how he acted upon what he acquired of knowledge.” IslamQA
10. The Blessed Five Odd Nights of Ramadhaan:
‘Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported that the Messenger of Allah صلّى الله عليه وسلّم used to observe I’tikaf in the last ten days of Ramadhan and he said:
“Seek Lailat-ul-Qadr (Night of Decree) in the odd nights out of the last ten nights of Ramadhan.”
Read Hadeeth No. 1192 and its commentary here
11. Five Blessed Days of Hajj:
Dhul Hijjah, the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar is one of the sacred months in Islam. While the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah are the blessed days, actual hajj days are only Five: 8th to 12th. Anyone not present during these five days is considered as not performing hajj. Such is the importance of these Five Days.
To learn in detail about hajj, take time to read this series, Inshaa’Allah
12. Five Books of Allah:
While Allah has provided His Guidance to every nation at different times in the history of mankind, there are only Five Scriptures mentioned by name in the glorious Qur’an:
1. As-Suhuf which was given to Prophet Ibraheem عليه السلام
2. Az-Zaboor which was given to Prophet Dawuud عليه السلام
3. At-Tawrah which was given to Prophet Moosa عليه السلام
4. Al-Injeel which was given to Prophet Eesa ibn Maryam عليه السلام
5. Al Qur’an which was given to Prophet Muhammad صلّى الله عليه وسلّم
Of all the Five Books of Allah, only the Qur’an is preserved in its pristine purity.
13. Five Martyrs:
There are Five ways of attaining martyrdom, shahadat:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Five are regarded as martyrs: They are those who die because of plague, Abdominal disease, drowning or a falling building etc., and the martyrs in Allah’s Cause.” Sahih al Bukhari
14. Five Animals that are harmful, and can be killed even in the premises of al Haram:
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Five kinds of animals are harmful and could be killed in the Haram (Sanctuary). These are: the crow, the kite, the scorpion, the mouse and the rabid dog.” See Sahih Bukhari this and this
15. Five Exclusive Things That We Given to Prophet Muhammad, Peace be upon him:
The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “I have been given five things which were not given to any one else before me:
1. Allah made me victorious by awe, (by His frightening my enemies) for a distance of one month’s journey.
2. The earth has been made for me (and for my followers) a place for praying and a thing to perform Tayammum, therefore anyone of my followers can pray wherever the time of a prayer is due.
3. The booty has been made Halal (lawful) for me yet it was not lawful for anyone else before me.
4. I have been given the right of intercession (on the Day of Resurrection).
5. Every Prophet used to be sent to his nation only but I have been sent to all mankind. Sahih al Bukhari
Dear brothers and sisters, it appears as a strange co-incidence to me that the principal Arabic word “Niyyaat”, used for intentions – as all our deeds are judged by intentions – also happens to be a five-lettered word! Refer the Arabic word نيّات in Hadeeth No. 1
May Allah help us to live by the true teachings of Islam. Aameen.
Jazakallahu Khayra for reading this post.