YasSarNal QuR'aN

An Effort in Facilitation

Jumu’ah Khutbah in UAE (15 Safar 1434)

Tomorrow’s Jumu’ah Khutbah in UAE mosques is based on the topic ‘Rights of a Muslim on another Muslim’. 

الحمد لله رب العالمين، أحمده سبحانه حمدا يليق بجلال وجهه وعظيم سلطانه، وأشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له، وأشهد أن سيدنا محمدا عبده ورسوله، اللهم صل وسلم وبارك على سيدنا محمد وعلى آله وصحبه أجمعين، ومن تبعهم بإحسان إلى يوم الدين.

أما بعد:  فأوصيكم عباد الله ونفسي بتقوى الله جل وعلا، قال تعالى:( يا أيها الذين آمنوا اتقوا الله وقولوا قولا سديدا* يصلح لكم أعمالكم ويغفر لكم ذنوبكم ومن يطع الله ورسوله فقد فاز فوزا عظيما).

أيها المسلمون: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم :« حق المسلم على المسلم خمس وفي رواية ست ». قيل: ما هن يا رسول الله؟ قال:« إذا لقيته فسلم عليه، وإذا دعاك فأجبه، وإذا استنصحك فانصح له، وإذا عطس فحمد الله فشمته، وإذا مرض فعده، وإذا مات فاتبعه ».

والحق في هذا الحديث هو ما لا يسع المسلم تركه في تعامله، وأول هذه الحقوق السلام، فالسلام ورده وسيلتان لإشاعة معنى السلام في المجتمع، فالسلام عهد بالأمن والسلامة من الأذى للمسلم من الذي يسلم عليه، وقد أوصى الله عز وجل به، وأمر بحسن رده فقال تعالى:وإذا حييتم بتحية فحيوا بأحسن منها أو ردوها إن الله كان على كل شيء حسيبا)

كما بين النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم أن إلقاء السلام على الناس جميعا من خير الأعمال، لما فيه من تحقيق لمعاني المودة والتعايش بين الناس، فعن عبد الله بن عمرو بن العاص رضى الله عنهما: أن رجلا سأل النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم أى الإسلام خير؟ قال :« تطعم الطعام، وتقرأ السلام على من عرفت ومن لم تعرف».

ومما يعين على تماسك المجتمع وترابطه إجابة الدعوات والمبادرة إلى الزيارات في الأفراح والأحزان، فهي مما يزيد الألفة ويعمق المودة بين أبناء المجتمع، لذلك قال صلى الله عليه وسلم :« وإذا دعاك فأجبه ».

وكان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لا يزهد في دعوة مهما كان صاحبها، قال صلى الله عليه وسلم :« لو دعيت إلى ذراع أو كراع لأجبت، ولو أهدى إلى ذراع أو كراع لقبلت ».

فهذا توجيه نبوي للتفاعل مع الدعوات الاجتماعية على اختلاف منازل الناس، وقد أكد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم على تلبية الدعوة خصوصا إن كانت في عرس، وذلك لما يحققه هذا الحضور من تآلف وجبر لنفس الداعي، قال صلى الله عليه وسلم :« إذا دعى أحدكم إلى وليمة عرس فليجب».

وأفراد المجتمع لا يترددون في بذل النصح ولا يتحرجون من قبوله، وقد عد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بذل النصح حقا من الحقوق المتبادلة بين المسلمين فقال صلى الله عليه وسلم :« وإذا استنصحك فانصح له ».

فالنصح قمة التعبير عن ترابط المجتمع من خلال التواصي بفعل الخير، فمجالس المسلمين مجالس خير ونصح قال صلى الله عليه وسلم :«الدين النصيحة»

ومن الحقوق التي أولاها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أهمية خاصة تشميت العاطس، وهي وسيلة من وسائل التواصل بين الناس تقوم على الذكر والدعاء، فمن عطس وحمد الله وجب على من سمعه أن يدعو له بالرحمة، فيقابله العاطس بالدعاء له، وهي طريقة من الطرق التي تستجلب المودة والمحبة بين الناس، وهي حق من الحقوق التي ذكرها رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في الحديث فقال:«وإذا عطس فحمد الله فشمته ».

عباد الله: ومن أفضل مناسبات الزيارة التي يتحقق فيها الأجر العظيم من الله تعالى عيادة المريض سواء أكان في بيته أم في المستشفى، ويكفي المريض شرفا أن المولى عز وجل يتولى عتاب من قصر في حقه وأهمل زيارته، قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم:« إن الله عز وجل يقول يوم القيامة: يا ابن آدم مرضت فلم تعدني. قال: يا رب كيف أعودك وأنت رب العالمين؟ قال: أما علمت أن عبدي فلانا مرض فلم تعده، أما علمت أنك لو عدته لوجدتني عنده ».

اللهم اجعلنا ممن يؤدون الحقوق ووفقنا جميعا لطاعتك وطاعة من أمرتنا بطاعته، عملا بقولك:( يا أيها الذين آمنوا أطيعوا الله وأطيعوا الرسول وأولي الأمر منكم)

نفعني الله وإياكم بالقرآن العظيم، وبسنة نبيه الكريم صلى الله عليه وسلم،

أقول قولي هذا وأستغفر الله لي ولكم، فاستغفروه إنه هو الغفور الرحيم.

All due praise is to Allah. I duly praise Him as is befitting to His Majesty and sanctity and I bear witness there is no deity worthy of worship save Him Alone, having no partners. I also certify that Muhammad is the Servant of Allah and His Messenger. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his companions, and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.

O Servants of Allah, I urge you and myself to be ever conscious and do construct our lives in accordance to what Allah, the Almighty, has ordered us just as He says, “O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will [then] amend for you your deeds and forgive you your sins. And whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” (Al Ahzab: 70-71).

Dear Muslims,

The Prophet Muhammad pbuh said, “The rights of a Muslim on the Muslims are five.” In another version:  “six are the rights of a Muslim over another Muslim.”

It was said to him, “and what are these O Messenger of Allah?” He said, “When you meet him, read salam upon him. When he invites you accept his invitation. When he seeks your counsel advise him, and when he sneezes and says, ‘All praise is due to Allah,’ you say Yarhamuka Allah (may Allah have mercy on you). When he is ill visit him, and when he dies follow him (his funeral procession).”

Dear Muslims,

 The rights mentioned in this Hadith refer to the type of deeds a Muslim must fulfill in dealing with other people.

The first of these rights is saying Assalamu Alaykum (peace be upon you-the standard Muslim greeting). Spreading greeting and responding to it cause to promote the meaning of peace amongst individuals. So when someone greets another saying Assalamu Alaykum, he, in fact, pledges him safety and security.

In the following verse, Allah, the Almighty, has urged us to respond to others’ greeting nicely. He says, “And when you are greeted with a greeting, greet [in return] with one better than it or [at least] return it [in a like manner]. Indeed, Allah is ever, over all things, an Accountant.” (Annisaa: 86).

Our Master Muhammad pbuh explained to us that greeting all people is of the good acts that nurtures love and coexistence amongst people. Abdullah Ibn Amru Ibn Alaas (may Allah be pleased with him) said, “a person asked Allah’s Apostle: “what (sort of) deeds in or (what qualities of) Islam are good?” He replied, “To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you know and those whom you don’t know.”

The second set of rights that promote community cohesion is to answer the invitations by others, whether the occasion is joyful or sorrowful. Accepting the call of people is advisable because it increases intimacy and deepens friendship between members of the society. In this regard, the Prophet pbuh said, “when he invites you to a feast accept it.”

Our Guide Muhammad pbuh would willingly accept the invitation of whoever had offered it. He said, “I shall accept the invitation even if I were invited to a meal of a sheep’s trotter, and I shall accept the gift even if it were an arm or a trotter of a sheep.”

This is an advice for us to positively respond to social invitations from people, irrespective of their status. Our Prophet pbuh also affirmed that we should accept the wedding invitations for the immense pleasure it shall bring to the host. He pbuh said, “If anyone of you is invited to a wedding feast, let him accept.”

The third right that individuals should observe is offering and accepting advice. Our Prophet pbuh considered offering advice as a right of a Muslim over another Muslim, when he said, “when he seeks your counsel give him.”

Truly, offering advice is a highest form of community cohesion, inviting people to guide each other for performing good deeds. For their part, Muslims’ gatherings should be for advice and counseling. The Prophet pbuh said, “religion (Islam) is Nasiha (means sincerity or giving advice).”

The fourth right is Tashmit, that is, to say to someone who sneezed Yarhamuka Allah (may Allah have mercy on you). It is a way of establishing communication amongst people based on saying prayers. So if someone has sneezed and thanked Allah, then whoever heard him should wish for him Allah’s mercy. To answer Tashmit, one must reply back by praying for him.

As such, Tashmit fosters affection and love between individuals, not to mention it is a right of a Muslim over another Muslim as mentioned by our Prophet Muhammad pbuh. He said, “to wish mercy on him when he sneezes and says, ‘Praise be to Allah,’.”

O Servants of Allah,

The fifth right is to visit someone if he is ill whether in his house or in the hospital. This is considered one of the most rewarding deeds. So any patient should feel honoured and cherish the fact that Allah, the Most Exalted, will admonish those who fail to fulfill the right to visit him.

 Our Guide Muhammad pubh said, “Allah (mighty and sublime be He) will say on the Day of Resurrection, ‘O son of Adam, I fell ill and you visited Me not.‘ He will say, ‘O Lord, and how should I visit You when You are the Lord of the worlds?‘ He will say, ‘did you not know that My servant So-and-so had fallen ill and you visited him not? Did you not know that had you visited him you would have found Me with him?’

Bearing this in mind, O Allah, we seek Your grace to make us amongst those who fulfill rights. We also seek Your help to obey You and those You have ordained upon us to obey pursuant to Your instructions: “O you who have believed, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you.” (Annisaa: 59).

May Allah bless you and me with the ability to implement the Holy Quran and the Sunna of His Messenger Muhammad pbuh. I say my words and pray to Allah, the Almighty, to grant us forgiveness. Supplicate to Allah for forgiveness for He is the Most Forgiving and the Most Merciful.

Download the Khutbahs inshaa’Allah in:

Arabic 

English

Urdu

December 27, 2012 - Posted by | Friday Khutbah in UAE | , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

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