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The Chronological Order of the Surahs

The chronological order of suras (i.e., the order in which quran suras are revealed to the holy prophet) is specified in several reliable sources most of which are based on the narrations received from the great prophet’s companion, Ibn Abbas.

The traditional order of revelation is provided in the table below. The detailed information is extracted from “The History of the Quran” by Allamah Abu Abd Allah al-Zanjani [1][2]. Professor Noldeke in his famous work “Geschichte des Korans”[3] has provided an ordering which is slightly different from the traditional order in the following two items:

  • Sura 110 (An-Nasr) is the last in the traditional order, but Noldeke has placed it between 59 and 24.

  • Sura 62 (Al-Jumu’a) is after 64 and 61 in the traditional order, but Noldeke has placed it before 64 and 61.

Note that the order of a sura is specified based on the revealation of the first ayas of the sura, not the revelation of the whole sura.

Chronological Order of Suras

Order Sura Name Number Type Note
1 Al-Alaq 96 Meccan
2 Al-Qalam 68 Meccan Except 17-33 and 48-50, from Medina
3 Al-Muzzammil 73 Meccan Except 10, 11 and 20, from Medina
4 Al-Muddaththir 74 Meccan
5 Al-Faatiha 1 Meccan
6 Al-Masad 111 Meccan
7 At-Takwir 81 Meccan
8 Al-A’laa 87 Meccan
9 Al-Lail 92 Meccan
10 Al-Fajr 89 Meccan
11 Ad-Dhuhaa 93 Meccan
12 Ash-Sharh 94 Meccan
13 Al-Asr 103 Meccan
14 Al-Aadiyaat 100 Meccan
15 Al-Kawthar 108 Meccan
16 At-Takaathur 102 Meccan
17 Al-Maa’un 107 Meccan Only 1-3 from Mecca; rest from Medina
18 Al-Kaafiroon 109 Meccan
19 Al-Fil 105 Meccan
20 Al-Falaq 113 Meccan
21 An-Naas 114 Meccan
22 Al-Ikhlaas 112 Meccan
23 An-Najm 53 Meccan Except 32, from Medina
24 Abasa 80 Meccan
25 Al-Qadr 97 Meccan
26 Ash-Shams 91 Meccan
27 Al-Burooj 85 Meccan
28 At-Tin 95 Meccan
29 Quraish 106 Meccan
30 Al-Qaari’a 101 Meccan
31 Al-Qiyaama 75 Meccan
32 Al-Humaza 104 Meccan
33 Al-Mursalaat 77 Meccan Except 48, from Medina
34 Qaaf 50 Meccan Except 38, from Medina
35 Al-Balad 90 Meccan
36 At-Taariq 86 Meccan
37 Al-Qamar 54 Meccan Except 44-46, from Medina
38 Saad 38 Meccan
39 Al-A’raaf 7 Meccan Except 163-170, from Medina
40 Al-Jinn 72 Meccan
41 Yaseen 36 Meccan Except 45, from Medina
42 Al-Furqaan 25 Meccan Except 68-70, from Medina
43 Faatir 35 Meccan
44 Maryam 19 Meccan Except 58 and 71, from Medina
45 Taa-Haa 20 Meccan Except 130 and 131, from Medina
46 Al-Waaqia 56 Meccan Except 81 and 82, from Medina
47 Ash-Shu’araa 26 Meccan Except 197 and 224-227, from Medina
48 An-Naml 27 Meccan
49 Al-Qasas 28 Meccan Except 52-55 from Medina and 85 from Juhfa at the time of the Hijra
50 Al-Israa 17 Meccan Except 26, 32, 33, 57, 73-80, from Medina
51 Yunus 10 Meccan Except 40, 94, 95, 96, from Medina
52 Hud 11 Meccan Except 12, 17, 114, from Medina
53 Yusuf 12 Meccan Except 1, 2, 3, 7, from Medina
54 Al-Hijr 15 Meccan Except 87, from Medina
55 Al-An’aam 6 Meccan Except 20, 23, 91, 93, 114, 151, 152, 153, from Medina
56 As-Saaffaat 37 Meccan
57 Luqman 31 Meccan Except 27-29, from Medina
58 Saba 34 Meccan
59 Az-Zumar 39 Meccan
60 Al-Ghaafir 40 Meccan Except 56, 57, from Medina
61 Fussilat 41 Meccan
62 Ash-Shura 42 Meccan Except 23, 24, 25, 27, from Medina
63 Az-Zukhruf 43 Meccan Except 54, from Medina
64 Ad-Dukhaan 44 Meccan
65 Al-Jaathiya 45 Meccan Except 14, from Medina
66 Al-Ahqaf 46 Meccan Except 10, 15, 35, from Medina
67 Adh-Dhaariyat 51 Meccan
68 Al-Ghaashiya 88 Meccan
69 Al-Kahf 18 Meccan Except 28, 83-101, from Medina
70 An-Nahl 16 Meccan Except last three verses 127-129, from Medina
71 Nooh 71 Meccan
72 Ibrahim 14 Meccan Except 28, 29, from Medina
73 Al-Anbiyaa 21 Meccan
74 Al-Muminoon 23 Meccan
75 As-Sajda 32 Meccan Except 16-20, from Medina
76 At-Tur 52 Meccan
77 Al-Mulk 67 Meccan
78 Al-Haaqqa 69 Meccan
79 Al-Ma’aarij 70 Meccan
80 An-Naba 78 Meccan
81 An-Naazi’aat 79 Meccan
82 Al-Infitaar 82 Meccan
83 Al-Inshiqaaq 84 Meccan
84 Ar-Room 30 Meccan Except 17, from Medina
85 Al-Ankaboot 29 Meccan Except 1-11, from Medina
86 Al-Mutaffifin 83 Meccan Last from Mecca
87 Al-Baqara 2 Medinan Except 281 from Mina at the time of the Last Hajj
88 Al-Anfaal 8 Medinan Except 30-36 from Mecca
89 Aal-i-Imraan 3 Medinan
90 Al-Ahzaab 33 Medinan
91 Al-Mumtahana 60 Medinan
92 An-Nisaa 4 Medinan
93 Az-Zalzala 99 Medinan
94 Al-Hadid 57 Medinan
95 Muhammad 47 Medinan Except 13, from during the Hijrah
96 Ar-Ra’d 13 Medinan
97 Ar-Rahmaan 55 Medinan
98 Al-Insaan 76 Medinan
99 At-Talaaq 65 Medinan
100 Al-Bayyina 98 Medinan
101 Al-Hashr 59 Medinan
102 An-Noor 24 Medinan
103 Al-Hajj 22 Medinan Except 52-55, from between Mecca and Medina
104 Al-Munaafiqoon 63 Medinan
105 Al-Mujaadila 58 Medinan
106 Al-Hujuraat 49 Medinan
107 At-Tahrim 66 Medinan
108 At-Taghaabun 64 Medinan
109 As-Saff 61 Medinan
110 Al-Jumu’a 62 Medinan
111 Al-Fath 48 Medinan While returning from Hudaybiyya
112 Al-Maaida 5 Medinan Except 3, from Arafat on Last Hajj
113 At-Tawba 9 Medinan Except last two verses from Mecca
114 An-Nasr 110 Medinan Last one, from Mina on Last Hajj

References

  1. ^The History of the Quran by Abu Abd Allah al-Zanjani (pdf book, English translation).

  2. ^Chronological Order of Quranic Surahs, rendered by Kevin P. Edgecomb.

  3. ^Geschichte des Korans by Theodor Noldeke (pdf book, Arabic translation)

Note by Blog Admin. I checked the info with the Tafseer ‘Ahsanul Bayan’ published by Darussalam and found it to be correct. 

Download as pdf

Courtesy: Tanzil.info

July 20, 2010 - Posted by | Stages of Revelation | , , , , ,

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