Evolution of the Science of the Qur’an, Part 1
By Hassen A Leidi
The Era of the Companions:
The Quran is the final revelation sent by Allaah to Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam (may Allaah exalt his mention). It is an eternal miracle that grows in clarity and strength with time and each new scientific discovery. It was revealed over nearly twenty-three years, during which the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam taught it and explained it to his companions, may Allaah be pleased with them. He sallallaahu’ alayhi wa sallam also answered all of their questions and did not die before completely delivering the message of the Quran, making it clearly understood.
At the same time, the Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, were very keen to memorise, understand and practice it. Due to their mastery of Arabic, the purity of their minds and hearts, and because they had witnessed the Quran being revealed under many circumstances and in response to diverse events, they were able to accumulate much understanding and knowledge of the Quran.
Some of them actually mastered its knowledge. Abdullaah bin Mas’ood, may Allaah be pleased with him, was one of those who realised this great achievement. He described his knowledge of the Quran by saying: “I swear by Allaah that there is not a verse of the Quran except that I know where and why it was revealed, and if I knew of anyone who knows the Book of Allaah more than I do, I would travel to him.” [Al-Bukhaari]
Other Companions devoted all of their lives to the Quran. Abdullaah bin ‘Umar, may Allaah be pleased with him, for example, was reported by Imaam Maalik, may Allaah have mercy upon him, in ‘Al-Muwatta’ as having spent eight consecutive years completely memorising and learning Soorah (chapter) Al-Baqarah (the second Quranic chapter).
It was also reported that the Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, used to say, “It is considered to be a great thing that one of us learns the Soorahs Al-Baqarah and Aal ‘Imraan (The second and third chapters).” And that: “They used to learn the Quran from the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ten verses at a time, and that they would not go beyond them until they had learned all possible knowledge and actions in them and applied them.”
This great knowledge was not all written down as text, except for what was written down by some Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them. The reason was that the basic process of teaching and learning in those times was the oral tradition. Only the Quran itself and those Companions’ writings were received in written format by the next generation of Muslims.
However, many of the Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them, were known for their excellent knowledge and understanding of the Quran. People like ‘Uthmaan, Ali, Zayd, Ubay, Ibn Mas’ood, Ibn ‘Abbaas and Ibn ‘Umar, may Allaah be pleased with them, as well as others, had many brilliant and inspired students, such as Mujaahid, Qataadah and ‘Ataa’, may Allaah have mercy on them, who then conveyed that knowledge to the rest of Ummah (Muslim community) as the practice of writing down knowledge became widespread.
The Companions’ circles of teaching were attended by hundreds of students. As those students went back home, they taught others the same knowledge as they had learned. Within a short period of time, the Companions’ knowledge, was spread across the vast Muslim lands.
What is so remarkable is that after writing became popular, the pieces of knowledge collected from different scholars who had never seen or known one another were found to be the same and, therefore, supported one another – showing consistency in the knowledge and the guidance of Islam.
To this day and forever, no other Ummah or religion can claim similarity to this unique feature of Islam.
Share or Not. Choice is Yours. If you share, Allah will reward you. That makes a huge difference.
- Share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window)
- Click to email (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Google+ (Opens in new window)
- Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)
- Click to print (Opens in new window)
No comments yet.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
- Please SCROLL DOWN to find amazing resources, InshaaAllah.
- The Guide ↑ that inspires one to GET CLOSER to the Qur'an. Subhanallaah!
- About CHM file: After download, save, right click, go to Properties, and click Unblock. This has to be done only for the first use.
- Saheeh International's Translation is the most accurate of all English translations of the Qur'an that are available till date.
Knock, and it will Open!To know what this du'aa is about, keep the cursor on this image.
Thank You Akismet :)
W e l c o m e :)
ما شآء الله and الحمد لله for this blog.
هذا من فضل ربّ This is From the Blessings of my Lord.
اللهم بارك لنا فيما أعطيت O Allah! Bless Us in what You've given us.
All Posts, category-wise ↓
All posts, month-wise ↓
TOP POSTS alhamdulillah
- "Hasbunallahu Wa Ni'mal Wakeel"
- Saying "Laa Haula Wa Laa Quwwata il-la-Bil-Laah"
- Ni'mal Maula Wa Ni'man Naseer!
- Nasrum Minallaahi Wa Fathun Qareeb
- The Significance of Last Two Verses of Surah Al Baqarah
- 'Allahumma Maalikal Mulki Tu'til Mulka Man Tashaa'u....'
- Amr bil Maroof wa Nahi 'anil Munkar
- Nouman Ali Khan's Tafseer Collection
- YasSarNal QuR'aN: We have made the Qur'an easy!
NOTE: The above ↑ translations are in PDF files.
For Online Translations in:
Bangla, Czech, Farsi, Finnish, Italian, Japanese, Malay, Maranao, Norwegian, Polish, Swahili, Swedish, Tamil, Tatar, and Uzbek, Please VISIT quran.com/1
↑ Al Quran for MS-Word. This software will add a new menu “Al-Quran” as Add-Ins to MS Word.
BENEFIT: You can easily insert an ayah of the Qur'an or its translation to your word file, InshaaAllah
What Caring Readers Say..
- Aisha on Education and Three Types of Nafs
- MuQeet on Nasrum Minallaahi Wa Fathun Qareeb
- Cassim on Nasrum Minallaahi Wa Fathun Qareeb
- sami on “Hasbunallahu Wa Ni’mal Wakeel”
- MuQeet on “The lowest ebb is the turn of the tide”.
- It is sinful to celebrate Valentine’s Day « YasSarNalQuR'aN on “If you have no shame, do whatever you like”!
- MuQeet on Sahih al Bukhari Full Set :)
- Explanation of the Hadeeth of the Man who killed 99 men! February 17, 2017
- It is sinful to celebrate Valentine’s Day February 12, 2017
- “The lowest ebb is the turn of the tide”. February 10, 2017
- An Introduction to Tajweed January 12, 2017
- Types of Salah and their Validity December 30, 2016
- Insights into Aayatul Kursi December 24, 2016
- Friday Sermon on Prophet Muhammad December 9, 2016
TagsAllah Dua Fasting Five Pillars Five Pillars of Islam Friday Guidance Hadith Hajj Hijri calendar Ibadah Islam Islamic Calendar Islamic Months Islamiyat Jumuah Makkah Muslim calendar Muslims Muslim scripture Prayer Prophet Prophet Muhammad Quran Quran blog Ramadan Ramadhan Religion Salah Sawm Scripture Seerah Sunnah Supplication supplications Surah al Kahf UAE UAE News Worship Yassarnalquran Zikr
Reminder b e n e f i t s :)
Thank You :)
Blog at WordPress.com.