Protect Yourself from Whisperers
Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
(Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of mankind, The King of mankind, The God of mankind, From the evil of the sneaking whisperer, Who whispereth in the hearts of mankind, of the jinn and of mankind.) (An-Nas 114: 1-6)
In this surah, as it is understood from the text, Muslims are asked to seek refuge in Allah, the Lord, Sovereign and God of mankind from the insidious evil-instigator “al wasswass’’, either jinn or human who evokes evil ideas into people’s minds.
The surah presents Allah’s attributes that can protect the mind from the invisible evil that it cannot shut out on its own. Almighty Allah is the only One Who preserves, directs, cherishes and protects mankind. He, the Almighty, is the Sovereign Who owns, governs and independently controls the world, and He is the Deity Who supersedes all other beings and absolutely supervises all their affairs. The particular mention of mankind here brings man closer to Allah’s protection and care.
Allah, the most Merciful, instructs His Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and his followers to recognize His attributes and seek His protection against this sneaking evil which creeps slyly into their minds. That is because they cannot, without the aid of Allah; their Lord, Sovereign and Deity, get rid of such evil that creeps into their minds surreptitiously and imperceptibly.
The nature of this evil-instigator medium is identified in the text as ” Al-wasswass Al-Khannas” that means: “the slinking prompter” and its function is outlined as to “whisper and instigate evil in the hearts of mankind.” Then, its origin is specified as ”from among jinn and mankind.“
The style adopted here is quite significant because it completely draws the person’s attention to the identity of this sneaking whisperer after describing it in order to show how it is insinuated, so that he is alerted to observe and confront it.
If a human is well-acquainted with this evil-instigator, he will realize that it works secretly. It is also realized that it may be jinn or human, for human beings are not excluded from inspiring evil in people’s minds while unseen.
We do not know how the jinns perform this whispering, but we certainly find its repercussions in the behavior of individuals as well as in human life generally. We know for sure that the battle between Adam (man) and Satan(Iblis) is a very old one. The war between the two was declared by Satan out of his inherent evil, his conceit, his envy and his resentment of man.
Humans are aware of a great deal of t h eir curious ways of whispering and prompting and sometimes they instigate more devilis hideas t h an Satan.
Almighty Allah has given him divine permission to carry out this battle for some purpose which He alone comprehends. However, significantly, man has not been left alone, dispossessed of the necessary means of protection. He has been provided with the power of faith(Iman) which is knowledge and strong belief in Almighty Allah and His attributes through conviction and sincere devotion.Meditation and seeking refuge in Almighty Allah are among the most effective weapons against the evil-instigator. When man neglects these means of security and defense, he is, indeed, the only one to be blamed.
Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) related that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,
” Satan besieges the people’s hearts; he subsides whenever one conscientiously remembers Allah, but insinuates his evil whenever one is inattentive of Him.”
Humans are aware of a great deal of their curious ways of whispering and prompting and sometimes they instigate more devilish ideas than Satan, such as:
·A bad companion who evokes evil into his comrade’s heart and mind while he, the latter, is unaware of his evil intention, as he (the so-called friend) is thought to be trustworthy.
A ruler’s counselor or advisor who provokes him and turns him into a destructive tyrant.
An unscrupulous slanderer who abuses people by fabricating and decorating tales so that they may seem factual and convincing.
·A hustler who engages in immoral business and dealings and tries to get through to people by exploiting their sensual unhealthy desires.
·A hundred other “evil-instigators” who lay various traps inconspicuously looking for and utilizing people’s various weak points.
Such humans are more devilish than even the jinns themselves. Faced with evil in this guise, man is not capable of ensuring his own safety. Therefore, in this surah Almighty Allah points out the means he can adopt in this fierce battle.
Hence, there is a very direct significance in identifying the “prompter” as “slinking”. For, on one hand, this description indicates the secretiveness of this instigator, while, on the other hand, it is an illusion to its intrinsic feebleness whenever it is discovered or resisted.
It subsides and withdraws meekly when met in the open or, as the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) accurately illustrated that he: “Subsides whenever one conscientiously remembers Allah, but insinuates his evil whenever one is inattentive of Him!”
Acquainted with this, the Muslim’s heart is fortified in confronting this timid subsiding whisperer. Nevertheless, the battle is everlasting since thisprompter is always looking for the right moment -for him- (when one neglects the remembrance of Allah) to implant his evils. So, for the Muslim, being conscious of Almighty Allah once in a while is not sufficient, as the war is continuous, even eternal.
The Qur’an vividly states this:
(And when We said to the angels: Make obeisance to Adam; they made obeisance, but Iblis (did it not). He said: Shall I make obeisance to him whom Thou hast created of dust? He said: Tell me, is this he whom Thou hast honored above me? If Thou shouldst respite me to the day of resurrection, I will most certainly cause his progeny to perish except a few. He said: Be gone! for whoever of them will follow you, then surely hell is your recompense, a full recompense: And beguile whomsoever of them you can with your voice, and collect against them your forces riding and on foot, and share with them in wealth and children, and hold out promises to them; and the Shaitan makes not promises to them but to deceive: Surely (as for) My servants, you have no authority over them; and your Lord is sufficient as a Protector.) (Al-Israa’ 17: 61-65)
The concept of ‘battle’ that contains the source of evil, whether provoked by Satan himself or by his human agents, gives man a strong feeling that he is not helpless, since his Lord, Sovereign and Deity controls all creations and events.
Though He has permitted Satan to attack, He has supreme power over him and He has also provided guidance for man. Almighty Allah leaves to Satan only those who neglect Him; their Lord, Sovereign and Deity. However, those who are always conscious of Him are safe and protected against his intimidation and incitements.
Thus, righteousness is supported only by the true power of the Lord, Sovereign and Deity, whereas evil is backed by a slinking prompter, a sneaky instigator, a coward in the open field, and a quick retreater in war who is easily defeated when man seeks refuge with Almighty Allah.
This is the most perfect conception of the battle between good and evil. It is a conception which protects man against defeat and provides him with strength, confidence and contentment.
Praise be to Allah at the beginning and at the end. From Him we derive confidence and success. To Him we turn for unfailing support.
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